Download E-books The Society for Useful Knowledge: How Benjamin Franklin and Friends Brought the Enlightenment to America PDF

By Jonathan Lyons

Benjamin Franklin and his contemporaries introduced the Enlightenment to America--an highbrow revolution that laid the basis for the political person who undefined. With the "first Drudgery" of settling the yank colonies now good and actually previous, Franklin introduced in 1743, it was once excessive time that the colonists set approximately enhancing the lot of humankind via collaborative inquiry. From Franklin's proposal emerged the yank Philosophical Society, an organization hosted in Philadelphia and devoted to the harnessing of man's highbrow and artistic powers for the typical sturdy. The animus at the back of the Society was once and is a disarmingly easy one-that the price of information is without delay proportional to its application. this easy concept has left a profound mark on American society and tradition and at the very inspiration of the United States itself-and via the United States, at the global as a whole.

From celebrated historian of data Jonathan Lyons comes The Society for important Knowledge, telling the tale of America's coming-of-age via its ancient love affair with functional invention, utilized technology, and self-reliance. providing clean, unique photos of figures like Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Rush, and the inimitable, forever artistic Franklin, Lyons offers us very important new standpoint at the American founding. He illustrates how the circulation for precious wisdom is essential to realizing the move of yank society and tradition from colonial instances to our electronic present.

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Sixty two Hugh Henry Brackenridge to Tench Coxe, March 18, 1790, quoted in Cooke, Tench Coxe, 107. sixty three Joanne Loewe Neel, Phineas Bond. A research in Anglo-American kin, 1786–1812 (Philadelphia: college of Pennsylvania Press, 1968), 55–60. sixty four Doron Ben-Atar, “Alexander Hamilton’s replacement: know-how Piracy and the file on Manufactures,” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd sequence, fifty two (3): 389. sixty five Coxe, deal with to an meeting, eleven. sixty six PAH, 19: 196. sixty seven Davis, 1: 369. Christopher Norwood, approximately Paterson: The Making and Unmaking of an American urban (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1974), 35. sixty eight Bernard C. Steiner, The lifestyles and Correspondence of James McHenry (Cleveland: Burrows Brothers, 1907), 22. sixty nine PAH, three: 216. 70 William Nelson, The Founding of Paterson because the production city of the USA (Newark, NJ: Advertiser Printing condo, 1887), 9–14. seventy one nationwide Gazette, July 14, 1792, quoted in Davis, 1: 472. seventy two Nelson, sixteen. seventy three Davis, 1: 494. seventy four Davis, 1: 419, 470–84. seventy five Philadelphia Advertiser, January 7, 1792, quoted in Davis, 1: 430–31. seventy six William Nelson and Charles A. Shriner, background of Paterson and Its Environs (New York: Lewis ancient Publishing, 1920), 348–50. Paterson used to be additionally the positioning, in 1913, of a crippling exertions dispute among staff and mill proprietors over wages, hours, and dealing stipulations. The strike, which garnered foreign cognizance, ended with the silk employees’ defeat after 5 months. seventy seven “Prospectus of the Society for constructing valuable Manufactures,” PAH, nine: one hundred forty four. Notes to Epilogue: production the USA 1 William Smith, “Being an Eulogium on Dr. Benjamin Franklin,” The Works of William Smith (Philadelphia: Hugh Maxwell and William Fry, 1803), 1: 50–51. 2 BF to Abiah Folger, April 12, 1750. three MDR, 388. four Hindle, David Rittenhouse, 329. five Benjamin Rush, Eulogium, 26–27. 6 Ibid. , 23–24. 7 Cooke, Tench Coxe, 149–51. eight Dupree, “National Pattern,” 21–23. Bates, medical Societies, 28. nine Bates, 26. 10 John C. Greene, “Science, studying and application: styles of association within the Early American Republic,” within the Pursuit of data within the Early American Republic, ed. Alexandra Oleson and Sanborn C. Brown (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins college Press, 1976), 6–7. eleven Thomas Jefferson to William brief, November 28, 1814, PTJ, 15: 108. 12 BF to Joseph Priestly, February eight, 1780, WBF, eight: 10. thirteen BF to Joseph Banks, November 21, 1783, WBF, 10: 208. 14 For a widespread instance, see I. Bernard Cohen, “Some Reflections at the nation of technological know-how in the United States throughout the 19th Century,” court cases of the nationwide Academy of Sciences of the us of the USA forty five (5): 666–77. Like a lot of his colleagues, Cohen perspectives the occasions of the prior completely during the lens of contemporary technology. From this angle, these endeavors and discoveries that demonstrably resulted in the perform of technology as we all know it at the present time, or to theoretical breakthroughs that stay very important now, are noticeable in a favorable mild. every thing else is, primarily, inaccurate or a waste of time and barely given critical consciousness.

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